Top 10 AMAZING Facts About BRAZIL
In this video, we are going to take a look at Brazil, one of the most biodiverse countries there is. From a program that lets prisoners shorten their sentence through reading, to the most decorated FIFA World Cup teams, it’s about time that we covered the 5th most populated country in the world!
A video about Brazil wouldn’t be complete without the mention of some of the Guinness World Records that the country holds. In 2008, Joaquim Goncalves decided to celebrate Guinness World Records Day by baking the largest loaf of bread in the city of Curitiba. It weighed an amazing 3,463 pounds or 1,570 kilograms! That’s enough to make approximately 30,000 sandwiches. In February of 2012, Teresina, Brazil, was home to the largest parade float, according to Guinness World Records. With an estimated 40,000 attendees, the town witnessed 343 floats in a breath-taking 6.5 hour parade that stretched 7.3 kilometers or 4.54 miles long.
Dolphins Helping Humans
Since the year 1850 or so, in Laguna, Brazil, bottle-nose dolphins have been doing something rather unique for the fisherman found in that area. Without any formal training from humans, a select number of dolphins are helping fishermen with their catches. The dolphins round up the fish and alert fishermen with signals as to when and where nets should be thrown. Certain dolphins have apparently taught themselves to work as a team with artisanal fishermen, creating a win-win for both the marine mammals and humans. Since this mutual symbiotic relationship has been occurring for over 160 years, that means that the traits these dolphins possess have been passed down from generation to generation.
Brazilian cuisine has been heavily influenced by that of Africa and Europe. One of the more popular of all ingredients first used in Brazil is acai and cassava; Brazil also introduced the world to the cashew. One of the most popular of all Brazilian meals is Feijoada, which is considered by many to be the country’s national dish. Feijoada is made by mixing black beans with beef and pork, and sometimes adding rice in the mix, to make for a rich and filling stew. Traditionally, the dish is prepared in a clay pot. The best thing to wash down a hearty Brazilian meal with is the country’s national cocktail, Caipirinha. It is made with cachaça, which is sugar cane hard liquor. A fruit, most commonly lime, is almost always added, and the only way to enjoy a true Caipirinha is on the rocks.
Popular Tourist Attractions
One thing is for certain, if you ever decide to visit Brazil one day, you’ll have more than enough tourist attractions to gawk at while you’re there. Amongst the more popular attractions is the Christ the Redeemer statue, which is classified as one of the New Seven Wonders of the World. This statue stands at some 30 meters, or 98 feet tall, and is located in Rio de Janeiro, facing Sugarloaf mountain. Another popular tourist attraction is the Iguazu Falls. With the highest peak at 269 feet or 82 meters, Iguazu Falls is 102 feet or 31 meters higher than the Niagara Falls, located on the United States/Canada border. Other popular tourist attractions include the Amazonia National Park or some of the most beautiful beaches in the world, including Copacabana, Baía dos Porcos and Lopes Mendes.
We can’t make a video about Brazil without mentioning one of the greatest footballers to play the game, Ronaldo Luís Nazário de Lima, popularly dubbed as just Ronaldo, or by his nickname, “The Phenomenon”. Ronaldo is one of only four players to have won the FIFA World Player of the Year award three times or more. Another athlete that hails from Brazil that we’d be naive not to mention is, in Dana White’s own words, one of the greatest mixed marital artist of all time, Anderson Silva. Silva currently holds the longest title defense streak in UFC history, which ended in 2013 with 16 consecutive wins and 10 title defenses. Other famous Brazilians include YouTube stars Brothers Rocha, and a plethora of football stars, including Neymar, Ronaldinho, Diego Costa, Thiago Silva and Kepler Pepe.
The 1932 Brazilian Coffee Olympic Expedition
The 1932 Summer Olympic Games were held in Los Angeles, California, and mark quite a historic period in Brazil’s history. At this time, the country was battling the Great Depression, which was sparked through a chain reaction from the United States economic disasters. Because of this, Brazil could not afford to send its athletes to the games, until a ‘kill two birds with one stone’ solution was proposed. Competitors were sent on a ship filled with coffee and were told to sell it along the way to help fund the trip. The vessel, the Itaquice, took the athletes to the Port of Los Angeles, the location they were to disembark. Sadly fifteen of those hoping to compete in the Games were required to stay on board because of a $1 per person fee they could not pay. Although not a single medal was won, it is still an unforgettable story. Interestingly enough, traveling with the rest of the athletes on the Itaquice was seventeen year old swimmer, Maria Lenk. She became the first South American woman to compete in the Olympics, and is regarded as one of the greatest of all female Brazilian athletes.
Incentive Programs While in Prison
In the early summer of 2012, Brazil began offering inmates in its penitentiary system the option to reduce their sentences by reading certain books and writing a well thought out essay on each. The program was dubbed “Redemption Through Reading,” and allows for criminals to shave as many as forty eight days off their prison stay per year. Inmates are given up to four weeks to complete a book of their choosing, and write out a paper on it. Another unique incentive program to shave time off of your sentence can be found at Ronaldo da Silva prison in Santa Rita Do Sapucai. Here, inmates have the ability to pedal stationary bicycles that power street lights in a nearby city in exchange for reduced sentences.
Brazil is among the most decorated football countries in the world, or, Soccer, for you American viewers. Brazil’s national football team has been a part of the Fédération Internationale de Football Association, or FIFA for short, since 1923. They have also been the most successful national team in the history of the FIFA World Cup. In total, Brazil has won five World Cups, and has taken 2nd place twice. The only teams that have came close to their efforts is Germany, who has won 4 World Cups and has achieved four 2nd place wins, and Italy, who has won 4 World Cups and two 2nd place wins. Brazil is also the only team to have won on four different continents: Europe, South America, North America, and Asia.
Biodiversity and Wildlife
Brazil is widely considered to be the most biodiverse location in the world, since 60% of the Amazon Rainforest is located here, which accounts for one-tenth of all species on earth. Freshwater fish live in abundance, over three thousand species have been documented to live in surrounding streams and the Amazon River, which is the second longest river system in the world, only behind the Nile River by some 258 miles. There are also a high number of endangered species in this area, one of the last places they may call home. Such creatures include the Golden Lion Tamarian, and the Lear’s Macaw.
Like almost every country, Brazil is no different when it comes to inventions that revolutionized our world. Meet Vital Brazil. Vital was an immunologist, credited for the discovery of the polyvalent anti-ophidic serum in 1903, as well as developer of anti-scorpion in 1908 and anti-spider serums in 1925. Vital has been directly responsible for saving the lives of millions of people world-wide since the inception of his patents. Do you know anyone who drives an automatic transmission vehicle? You can thank Brazillian inventors José Braz Araripe and Fernando Lehly Lemos for that one, as they developed the first automatic transmission with hydraulic fluid in 1932, a patent they would later sell to General Motors, who implemented the new-age technology to their vehicles in 1940.