Top 10 AMAZING Facts About ROMANIA
Today we’re going to take a look at Romania, a small European country with a long and rich history known for their remarkable landscape and many castles. From stolen treasure, to an inexpensive self-driving car, and even the heaviest building on the planet; in this video were we are going to count down 10 noteworthy facts about Romania.
Romanian Palace of Parliament
The Romanian Palace of the Parliament is located in the countries capital, Bucharest. It is a multi-purpose building containing both chambers of the Romanian parliament. According to the World Records Academy and Wikipedia, this place is the largest civilian building with an administrative function. If that wasn’t enough, it’s also ranked as the second largest building in the world, directly following The Pentagon in the United States’ capital, Washington, D.C. Two more records make the Palace of the Parliament unique; one: it is the most expensive administrative building as a 2006 estimate of 6 billion dollars has confirmed, and two: it is also the heaviest of all buildings. It was made from 1.54 billion pounds or 700,000 metric tonnes of bronze and steel alone, this doesn’t even factor in the marble, crystal glass, and wood, all things used excessively in the buildings construction.
Inventors and Inventions
Romanian inventors truly have changed the world. The country has given birth to brilliant minds who have transformed the way we see science and engineering today. A fine example of one of the discoveries made by a Romanian is Nicolae Paulescu, a Romanian born physiologist and professor of medicine. He is best known for his contribution to the discovery of pancreine, which is better known today as insulin. Another genius from the country is Aurel Persu, who was an engineer and pioneer car designer. He was the first man ever to put the wheels of the car insides its body as part of an attempt to make automobiles more aerodynamic. Today, this technique is used for nearly every make and model of car. Maybe the person on this list who we are most in debt to is Petrache Poenaru, a Romanian mathematician and physicist best known for his invention of the fountain pen. It was the French Government who actually issued him the patent on May 25th, 1827; while he had been studying in Paris. The pen was made because of the amount of time he spent copying down notes. Poenaru described his invention as “never-ending portable pen, which recharges itself with ink.”
Romania is one of the most heavily populated European countries in terms of the amount of brown bear. Some people make a living thriving off of tourism and taking groups through the woods and into bear country. There’s no doubt that Romanian’s love these mysterious animals, they’re such a huge part of Romanian culture that a holiday has been set aside for them. Instead of watching a groundhog get scared of its own shadow and scurry underground, as is tradition in the United States, Romanians get a chance to witness a more natural occurrence. At this time, bears tend to come out of hibernation and take the time to relieve themselves. During this short time, it is said that the bear’s behavior can tell whether spring is on its way or winter will dredge on some time longer.
Bela Lugosi was a famous Hungarian/American actor who was born on October 20th, 1882 in Lugos, Kingdom of Hungary, which is now Lugoj, Romania. He is best known for portraying Dracula in the original 1931 film adaptation of Bram Stokers famous novel. Lugosi had been previously playing small roles on stage in Hungary, and even made his first film in 1917, but was forced to leave the country due to the failed Hungarian Revolution. What some don’t know about Lugosi is that he appeared on Broadway as Count Dracula before landing the lead in the film. Another relatively well-known Romanian is Antonia Iacobescu who was born on April 12th, 1989 in Bucharest, Romania. She and her parents moved to the United States five years later; it was in Utah and Las Vegas that much of her adolescence was spent. She began modeling and has even worked on a studio album. In 2013, Antonia released her first clothing line “MOJA” which became a semi-success but is limited to a smaller market of consumers due to its mix of European and African style. Other famous Romanians include actor Sebastian Stan, singer, songwriter and model Alexandra Stan, novelist and Nobel Peace Prize winner Elie Wiesel, and singer and dancer, Inna.
While there are only a handful of self-driving cars in the world, a Romanian named Ionut Budisteanu built one like no other. It was made with limited resources unlike other giant corporations have at their disposal, and his version cost just $4,000 to build. Similar prototypes made by companies such as Google are known to be constructed at prices well over fifteen times this. Budisteanu simply mounted a camera on his car’s roof and used low resolution LiDAR equipment to detect traffic lanes, pedestrians, dividers, and any other obstacle that might get in the way. He used four laptops to perform specific tasks while a fifth laptop took the data and made calculations at lightning fast speed. Astonishingly, safety simulations just barely fell short of 100% due to the low resolution equipment being used. This nineteen year old from Romania won Intel’s International Science and Engineering Fair and has big plans for the future and his other inventions, Budisteanu made the remark that he wants “to do something positive for the world.”
Romanian cuisine is a diverse blend of dishes from various countries in which it has come into contact, but maintains a unique twist and bit of character. One source notes that it has been greatly influenced by the Ottoman Empire and surrounding countries which include: Germany, Serbia, Bulgaria, and Hungary. The category ciobra is made up of all soups that have a distinct sour taste to them. Sour meatball soup belongs in this category; it is a great example of just how diverse the cuisine really is. The meatballs were brought over from Turkey and the sauerkraut juice coming from Genghis Khan’s invasion of China where early forms of sauerkraut were found and taken to Europe on saddlebags. Another celebrated dish of Romania is their version of Pork Cordon Bleu. This schnitzel is made of pounded pork tenderloin stuffed with ham and melted cheese. Other variants include red pepper and mushroom filling as well.
Tax On Black Magic
On January 1st, 2011, Romania implemented new tax codes, among multiple changes, witches or those practicing any form of black magic must now pay a sixteen percent income tax, and make contributions to health and pension programs. This doesn’t just hold true for women with pointy noses and a broom fetish, but all practitioners of the occult. Fortune tellers were really hit hard, and it is now becoming a less rewarding ‘profession’ for many. One thing many were pleased with is that the practice of black magic to earn a living is now considered a professional trade within the country. This law was passed as part of a larger plan to help pull Romania out of an economic recession. Although a great number of magicians and people of that nature were against it and even cast spells on the president and government, quite frankly, most Romanians looked the other way and seemed not to notice.
Lost Romanian Treasure
In short, the Romanian Treasure is a collection of riches sent to Russia by the Romanian government during World War I for safe keeping. Fear that another German advance would ensure victory, the treasure was sent abroad. Several other ideas were coined such as storing it in the vaults of the Bank of England, or even shipping it overseas to the United States. Since Germany and its allies still controlled a large portion of Central and Northern Europe, their best bet for transportation was eastward. At 3:00 A.M. on December 15th, 1916, under the cover of pitch darkness, a train carrying twenty one carriages all filled with gold bars and coins departed the Iasi station. Over two hundred armed men guarded the treasure which was last appraised to be worst upwards of 1.25 billion dollars. In the summer that followed, the war situation was getting worse for Romania and they chose to send even more precious valuables including jewels, thousands of paintings, and manuscripts which dated back hundreds of years. These things worth is hard to calculate, but likely would surpass that of the previous trains. As of early 2015, a large percentage of the wealth has yet to be returned.
Romania at the Olympics
Romania first participated in the Olympic Games in 1900. It was held in Paris, France, and only a single Romanian athlete represented the nation. Romania’s National Olympic Committee was created and recognized in 1914. In 1924, Romania sent its first ever team to compete, of the fifty one athletes, only one medal was won, a bronze. Ever since, they have only missed two editions of the Summer and Winter Olympics. What made the country stand out so well was their participation in the 1984 Summer Olympics, an event boycotted by various nations, especially those in Europe. Surprising as it may be, this was also Romania’s most successful Olympics; they won twenty gold medals and fifty two in total.
Ciur-Izbuc Cave Footprints
Some of the oldest footprints ever found in Europe come directly from Romania’s Ciur-Izbuc Cave. An estimated four hundred footprints were originally unearthed in this area in 1965. At the time, researchers thought they belonged to a man, woman, and their child; whom were believed to live between 10 to 15,000 years ago, but as Dr. David Webb, a Kutztown University anthropologist points out, they could likely date back 35,000 years. More recent studies show that six, possibly seven, individuals were living in the cavern during a flood, and at least one of which was a child. Although there are other locations where prehistoric footprints have been found older than this, Ciur-Izbuc is unique due to the great number of prints and there close proximity. Sadly, roughly 25% of the original four hundred footprints remain due to damage done by cave explorers.