Top 10 Leading Causes of Death
It's a dangerous world out there, and when we're not too busy worrying about what creepy crawlies and other creatures can kills us, we're doing our best to avoid any of the other thousands of other ways we can meet our fate. In this installment from Top10Archive, we will explore some of the more detrimental bringers of death, chronicling the top 10 causes of death for man and woman.
Taking the lives of around 7.4 million people annually, heart disease includes a variety of conditions that can affect the heart. Anything from blood vessel to artery diseases and irregular heart beats have been known to cause death. Like many of the diseases on this list, heart disease can be directly linked to personal health, so smokers, the morbidly obese, and people involved in drug use are prone to any cardiovascular disease. Heart diseases that go unchecked can lead to aneurysms, stroke, heart attacks, cardiac arrest, and, the most common complication of heart disease, heart failure.
Strokes range in severity and can either have lasting effects on a person or absolutely none whatsoever. More severe strokes, though, can lead to the death of the individuals, and each year over 6.7 million people succumb to the effects of having a stroke. Some victims aren’t even aware that they’ve had a stroke until they see some of the telltale signs, including face drooping and slurred speech. A stroke occurs when a clot obstructs the flow of blood to the brain or the rupturing of a blood vessel, which also impairs blood flow. Depending on which region of the brain goes without blood flow will determine the lasting effects of the stroke.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease shows similar symptoms to Chronic Lower Respiratory Infection, often combing symptoms of emphysema and chronic bronchitis. On a yearly average, COPD is responsible for upwards of 3.1 million deaths worldwide. The severity of the disease has been known to cause severe, long-term disability that will restrict the effected person’s ability to work and live a normal life without the aid of oxygen tanks and other machinery. Since COPD’s symptoms are similar to effects of being out of shape or getting older, it’s not uncommon for the disease to go untreated for a prolonged period of time.
Chronic Lower Respiratory Infection
With an annual toll of around 3.1 million people dead each year, Chronic Lower Respiratory Infection has garnered quite the bit of attention from healthcare professionals worldwide. Lower respiratory infections include asthma, chronic bronchitis and emphysema and are far more fatal in young children and senior citizens. Like lung cancer, a leading cause for lower respiratory infection is smoking, and those that smoke with a respiratory infection risk worsening their situation, potentially creating irreparable damage.
Associated heavily with people that smoke, Lung cancer is known to kill roughly 1.6 million people each year. While upwards of 90% of lung cancer cases are due to long-term exposure to smoking, there are around 10% of cases that are a product of genetics. Other causes include exposure to asbestos, radon gas, and other air pollutants. While the mortality rate of lung cancer is not 100%, it is the most responsible for worldwide cancer-related deaths. Treatment can include surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and targeted therapy. Lung cancer can also lead to or be associated with Bronchus and Tracheal cancer. Due to lung cancer being such a fatal disease, the topic of cigarette smoking has become a hot-button issue with parties fighting for clean air initiatives.
HIV / AIDS
Annually, approximately 1.5 million people succumb to HIV and AIDS. The HIV / AIDS virus is thought to be a version of the chimpanzee immunodeficiency virus (Simian Immunodeficiency Virus) that mutated into a strand that is life threatening to humans. The disease became prevalent in the United States in the 1970’s and was thought to be transmitted only via same-sex relations, but studies show that the virus may have existed as early as the 1800s. Though there is currently no cure for the HIV / AIDS virus, antiretroviral therapy has been used to prolong the lives of infected people drastically. The virus attacks the body’s immune system, making it difficult to fight off infections, leading to life threatening circumstances.
When people talk about it, it sounds like such a harmless, albeit obnoxious thing. It’s a nuisance for those that have places to be, but, otherwise, it doesn’t seem life threatening. In reality, diarrhea, or Diarrhoeal disease, is a life threatening disease that is responsible for taking the lives of approximately 1.5 million people a year. What makes this disease so life threatening is that it dehydrates the body, making it especially fatal in children. Annually, diarrhea kills approximately 760,000 children under the age of 5 and is the second leading cause of death for that age range. A range of causes, from infection to contaminated water, can cause diarrhea, with rehydration, zinc supplements, and nutrient rich food being amongst several treatment options.
Around 1.5 million people die annually due to diabetes, a shocking figure considering the disease is mostly caused by a lack of care for one’s body. Obesity, lack of physical activity, and poor diet are three leading causes for Type 2 diabetes, the most common form of the disease. Diabetes, which is associated with a lack of production of insulin, can lead to other health problems, including heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure, increasing the chance of patient death. Type 1 diabetes, which is primarily found in children and only makes up about 5% of the diabetic population, has a much better prognosis than Type 2 diabetes.
In a previous video from Top10Archive, we learned that human beings are their own worst enemy; so it should be no surprise that they would somehow make it onto this list, as well. Recklessness and irresponsibility are two things you don’t want to meet on a busy road, but it’s bound to happen at least once in your lifetime – especially since nearly 1.3 million people perish each year due to road injury and automobile accidents. Despite laws in place to limit distractions behind the wheel, people still disregard that they could be a threat to the safety of others. In 2011, over 23% of collisions were recorded to have involved cell phone use.
Hypertensive Heart Disease
If you have high blood pressure, you’re already on your way to potentially joining the approximately 1.1 million people that die annually due to Hypertensive Heart Disease. When pressure inside the heart’s arteries becomes too high, the heart must work harder to get blood flow to regulate. Since the heart is a muscle, the more it works harder, the more it will thicken, and the thicker the muscle gets, the less oxygen it will receive. Throw all of these factors into the unhealthy mixing pot that is your body, and you have yourself a high probability for hypertensive heart disease, which includes issues like coronary artery disease and heart failure.